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It is one of only four known copies of a ‘pre-fire’ Chicago map produced by lithographer JT Palmatary and printed by Braunhold & Sonne in 1857, the others being in institutional collections.

The map was completed just one year after the Illinois Central Railroad was built and it appears in the foreground. 

In a September 13-14 auction held by Alexander Historical Auctions (22.5% buyer’s premium) of Chesapeake City, Maryland, a 13in (33cm) German diameter globe, dated 1941, sold at $65,000 (£48,505).

The globe had been liberated from Hitler’s Bavarian retreat, Berchtesgaden, or the Eagle’s Nest, by Chief Warrant Officer John Barsamian of the XV Infantry Corps of the 7th Army.