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For the gentleman confronted with an unruly mob, there was nothing more ungentlemanly than the four-barrelled duck’s foot pistol which was designed to spray four balls at a time at close-quarter assailants. A nice Birmingham-made example of this intimidating pistol reached £5100.

For those finding themselves compromised in more intimate combat, nothing was more easily concealed than the miniature derringer pistol. A very crisp double-barrelled Remington example in .41 rimfire calibre, with pearl grips and engraved overall, sold for £3600.